Editorial terms – UVW

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unjustified: text lines that have even spacing between words and a ragged right-hand edge.

upper case (uc): capital letter(s); see also lower case.


Vancouver system: a citation method mostly used in scientific publishing. The source is cited in the text using a number in brackets or superscript, and then full references are listed later in the work in a numbered list in the order they appeared in the text. See also author–date system and short-title system.

verb: a word or term, such as ‘walk’, ‘read’ and ‘edit’, that describes an action.

verso: publishing term for the left-hand page when looking at a two-page spread in an open book. See also recto.


widow: the last line of a paragraph that appears at the top of the next page or column. See also orphan.

word break: the break in a word at the end of a line, inserted by the typesetter or automatically by typesetting or word-processing software, because the complete word will not fit.

Word Styles: sets of text formatting specifications that can be applied to different elements in a Word document to define headings, paragraphs, lists and so on. Documents with Word Styles can be flowed into some design packages, providing an alternative to codes/tags.

Word template: in Microsoft Word, a file that is pre-formatted with the layout and styles required for a specific type of document. Any text added will automatically be fitted into the correct page layout, and styles to be applied to it will be readily to hand.